The Message of Salvation in the Genealogy of the Patriarchs

The Message of Salvation in the Genealogy of the Patriarchs

The Bible is a wonderful Book. Every word and every letter contains the mysteries of God in such Great depth.

Genesis Chapter 5, talks of the family history of the first man Adam of this race, showing the line through whom the second man Adam, the seed of the women, should come into the world. In Genesis 2:4, we have the family history of the heavens and of the earth. In Mathew 1: 1-17; Luke 3:23-38, we have the family history of the second man Adam, Christ. Adam was the youngest man in this family history to have children (Genesis 4:1-6). The next youngest in this chapter was 65 years old (Genesis 5:15,21). The genealogy mentioned in Genesis chapter 5 is the perfect line protected by God, whereas the one mentioned in Genesis chapter 4: 16-22 is the corrupted line of Satan. God wanted to preserve this pure race because through this line would be born the Son of God.

The name Adam was a generic name for man, having the same meaning in the Hebrew and the Assyrian languages. The name ‘Adam’ also means red, rosy, ruddy or with a red complexion, probably he was created by God out of Red clay. Adam was created in the likeness of God (Genesis 1:26-28); men are begotten in Adam’s likeness (v 3). God’s likeness was perfect whereas Adam’s was imperfect and depraved with the Law of sin and death working in and bringing it to ruins (Romans 5:12).

Now let us examine each name carefully after Adam in the genealogy and try to understand what God wants to speak to us.


The meaning of this name means ‘appointed’. His mother Eve gave him this name because it is clearly given in Genesis 4:25, that she believed that God had given her a substitute for Abel whom Cain slew. Adam was 130 years old when he begot Seth.


The line of Seth was just as ungodly as all the others at that time. Abel, Enoch and Noah were the only Godly people mentioned in this period of all the race. And Seth begot a son and named him Enos meaning ‘mortal’. It was during this time (Genesis 4:26) that men began to profane the name of Jehovah. In other words apostasy began during the birth of Enos . This verse literally reads that men began to call themselves by the name of “Jehovah” or call upon their gods (idols) by the name of “Jehovah”.


Enos begot Cainan when he was ninety years old. The name Cainan or Kenan means ‘To Aquire/purchase’.


Cainan begot Mahalaleel at the age of seventy. It could be that few people turned away from worshiping idols and seeking the only true God that is why Cainan named his son Mahalaleel which means “The Blessed God” or “Praise of God”.


Mahalaleel begot Jared when he was sixty five. It was during the days of Jared that about 200 watcher angels as recorded in the book of Enoch landed on Mt. Hermon and mingled themselves with the daughters of men (Genesis 6:1,2). This act of procreation of angelic beings with earthly women gave rise to terrible race of giants on the earth. The name Jared or Yared means to ‘descend or come down’.


Jared begot Enoch at the age of 162. Enoch had a very intimate relationship with God on the earth for 300 years. God revealed mysteries beyond his time. He also foretold the second coming of Christ as recorded in Jude 14. Besides living 365 years on the earth, he has now lived about 5310 years in heaven, making around 5,675 years he has lived without death. His is the briefest and the most outstanding biographies in the Bible. The name Enoch means ‘dedicated’ or ‘initiated’.


The name means “His death shall bring”. He has the longest earthly life on record. His father Enoch still lives in heaven in the physical body. All men would have lived forever if man had not sinned. Enoch received the revelation from God to name him Methuselah, which means “when he is dead it (the deluge/flood) shall come.


This Lamech is different from the Lamech in Genesis 4, in the Cain’s line. The name Lamech means ‘Humiliation’ or ‘Lowering’.


His father Lamech called his name Noah, saying, This same shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the Lord hath cursed (Genesis 5:29). Therefore the name Noah means “Rest or Comfort”.

God’s plan for the ages revealed

If we arrange the names in the genealogy and their corresponding meaning we see the salvation message unfolding remarkably.

Adam               –            Man

Seth                  –            Appointed

Enos                 –            Mortal / non-recoverable

Cainan             –             To purchase

Mahalaleel     –              The blessed God

Jared                –             He shall come down

Enoch               –             Dedicated or initiated

Methuselah     –             His death shall bring

Lamech            –             Humiliation and lowering

Noah                –              Rest and comfort 

When we put everything together this is what we get:

Man was appointed by God as a mortal being, by sinning he died and became unrecoverable. Blood of Goats and bulls could not bring him back to commune with the Holy God. In order to purchase him from the jaws of death the blessed God came down and dedicated himself on the cross. And his life of humiliation and death shall bring rest and comfort to all mankind.”

The second Adam, our Lord Jesus Christ became ruddy for us on the cross of Calvary thereby guaranteeing eternal life through him (Isaiah 53:2).

Isaiah 53:5 – “But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and with his stripes we are healed.” 

Luke 4:18 – “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the broken hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised.”

Praise the Lord! 

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