PSALM 23: Seven Great Names of GOD
February 1, 2017 @ 8:00 am - February 1, 2025 @ 5:00 pm
Our Lord Jesus Christ taught us to pray in Mathew 6:9, which begins as “Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name”. Definitely the name of our GOD is the most “Hallowed” name in heaven and on the earth. It is the name above all names and He reigns supreme in that name.
The actual name of Abba Father GOD is YAHWEH or JAHOVAH.
The ancient Hebrews would not pronounce his name completely because it was such a hallowed and Holy name. They would instead pronounce it as “YHWH”. God was revealed to Moses and the Israelites in Exodus 3:14, as the Great “I AM”.
Psalm 23 is a very simple and wonderful Psalm; it is read and sung in several churches. Here in Psalms 23, our GOD is revealed through 7 beautiful names. These names describe His character in great detail. The number ‘Seven’ in the scriptures always talks about spiritual perfection.
23:1. “The Lord is my Shepherd”
JEHOVAH is my Ro’eH – The Lord is my Shepherd
The relationship between us and our God is very personal, He is our shepherd and we are the sheep of His pastures. In John 10:14, Our Lord says He is the ‘Good Shepherd’. A good shepherd knows His sheep and in turn His sheep will recognize His voice and follow Him diligently. Dear child of God, your shepherd is always with you and is able to fulfill all your needs. Like a child who is always asking His father for gifts, our Lord wants us to always call unto Him. Whenever we call upon His name, He is near unto us. The sheep recognize His presence and are always at His feet.
Isaiah 40:11 says He shall feed His flock like a shepherd, gather the lambs with His arm, carry them in His bosom and gently lead them. What a gentle and loving God we serve; He is truly a good shepherd.
Child of God, are you enjoying His presence? Like Mary the sister of Martha and Lazarus in Luke 10:39 & 42, who was always at his feet? But we should be very careful and adhere to the still voice of our good shepherd or else we would fall into the hands of the bad shepherd who is the devil.
The scripture says in Zechariah 11: 17 “Woe to the idol shepherd that leaveth the flock!” The devil will try everything possible in these last days to lead you astray from the flock and get entangled in thorns. We should be careful to fix our eyes firmly on the good shepherd and circumcise our ears to hear only his voice. He is our Hashem Ro’eh The good shepherd.
23:1. “I shall not want”
JEHOVAH YIREH – The Lord is my provider.
This name was revealed to Abraham when he went to sacrifice his son (Genesis 22:14) upon the mountains of Moriah. God had prepared a lamb for Abraham to replace his son as a sacrifice. Similarly our loving Abba Father had prepared and fore ordained His only begotten Son before the foundation of this world to be slain on the cross at Golgotha for the remission of our sins.
God provided a well for Hagar the Egyptian bond woman to give drink to her dying son in the wilderness of Beershebha (Genesis 21:19). Our Lord Jesus is the well of living waters and anyone who drinketh of this well shall thirst no more (John 4:14). Jesus provided food for the multitude that followed Him with five loaves and two fishes. He performed His first miracle at Cana of Galilee by changing water into wine at the marriage. He indeed has provided us with the comforter, the new wine or the Holy Spirit (Rua’ch Haqodesh). Not only does He provide our material and spiritual needs but also made the ultimate sacrifice so that you and I could inherit eternal life through His son Yahshua (John 3:16).
23:3. “He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.”
JEHOVAH TSIDKENU – The Lord is my Righteousness.
To understand the righteousness of God, we have to go back to the Genesis account where God made Adam in His own image and placed him in Eden, the garden of God. Man was definitely the crown of God’s creation and was given the authority to rule over every aspect of God’s creation. He was bestowed with the power to rule over every beast of the earth, every fowl of the air, everything that crept on the ground and upon every green herb. Even the angels, who are far more superior and powerful in nature where subjected to the authority of man as quoted in Hebrews 1:14. Then man sinned and fell short of the glory of God; man had become unrighteous and could no more stand face to face and commune with the righteous God. The glorious body that was covering his soul was removed and he was given a mortal body which lost all its authority and was destined for eternal damnation.
But our Abba father is a righteous God; He changed the course of our destiny through his Son Jesus Christ on the cross so that you and I could have life eternal. The bible says in Romans 11:23, 24, that we have been grated once again into the Good Olive tree by Christ the righteous man. All our righteousness is like filthy rags and according to the Law we were to be stoned, but Romans 10:4 says “For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone that believeth”. That is why our Lord Jesus Christ had to take the path of the cross and also lead us through the narrow door so that we can once again be clothed with the robe of righteousness, glory, power and authority and commune face to face with the righteous Father.
Revelation 5:13 “And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever”.
He is our Jehovah Tsidkenu – The Lord who leads us in the paths of Righteousness.
23:4. “Yea, though I walk through the valley of shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.”
JEHOVAH SHALOM – The Lord is my Peace
The Word of God in John 14:27 says “Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you: Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.”
Several questions arise in our minds about peace such as:
What is this peace that the Bible is talking about?
Where can we find this peace?
Who gives us this peace? And so on …………
There may arise several circumstances where our heart may be troubled. The devil might evoke an overwhelming sense of fear in our hearts. The fear of the future, career, family, finances or it could be death itself. The devil might also instigate men to rise up against us, provoke us and lay false accusations against us. This was David’s experience all throughout his life time. He was constantly chased and hunted like an insect by King Saul and his heart sank so low that in 1 Samuel 27:1, he says “And David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul.” Saul sought David every day in the wilderness, in the valleys and in the woods, but God delivered him not into his hand.
In all these times of distress David’ heart had the peace of God and he says in I Samuel 24:15 “The Lord therefore be judge….., and plead my cause, and deliver me out of thine hand.” David was always waiting upon the Lord for His guidance and direction, this comforted him all throughout his life and that is why he was at peace in his heart. During the time of the Judges of Israel, there were constant attacks by the Midianites and the Amalekites on Israeli soil. There was destruction of crops, so Israel was impoverished and oppressed exceedingly. But God rose up Gideon and used him as the rod to destroy the medianites in battle and comforted Israel. The rod is a sign of reproof, judgment and deliverance and a little rod called Gideon, who hailed from a poor family in the tribe of Manasseh and who was the least in his father’s house, was used by God to give peace to the house of Israel.
Judges 6:24 “Then Gideon built an altar there unto the Lord, and called it Jehovah-Shalom.”
23:5. “Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies.”
JEHOVAH NISSI – The Lord is our Banner
Table in Psalm 23:5 refers to a victory flag or a banner. Exodus 17:15 says “And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovah-Nissi”. The Amalekites came and fought against the Israelites in Rephidim, and it came to pass that when Moses held up his hands the Israelites prevailed and were able to utterly destroy and discomfit the Amalekites. As a memorial Moses built an altar and named it as Johova-Nissi because the Lord helped them to raise the banner of victory in the midst of their enemies.
Psalms 60:4 says “Thou hast given a banner to them that fear thee, that it may be displayed because of the truth”. David feared the Lord all through his life; God gave him the wisdom and strength to overpower and kill the Philistine giant Goliath and raise the banner of victory in the presence of the enemies of Israel. When the Lord of Hosts is with us we will be able to run through the troop and overpower our enemy. When the Lord is with us who can stand against us?
Isaiah 13:2 “Lift ye up a banner upon the high mountain, exalt the voice unto them, and shake the hand that they may go into the gates of the nobles”.
Psalms 23:5. “Thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.”
JEHOVAH RAPHA – The Lord is my healer
Exodus 15:26 “If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the Lord thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will pit none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: For I am the Lord that healeth thee.”
When the sheep graze together, they lock horns and fight with each other and their sharp horns cause injury and deep wounds to their head. The shepherd in the evening inspects each sheep carefully and applies oil to their wounds to heal them.
No matter whatever sickness and disease may come upon you, do not fear child of God your Jehovah Rapha is with you and He is able to cure all your sickness and disease. He will also cure you from the pain and depression in your heart. He will anoint you with oil, which means He will anoint you with His Holy Spirit who will comfort you and heal all the pain and suffering in your heart.
Psalms 147:3 says “He healeth the broken in heart, and bindeth up their wounds”. The devil stripped us of our raiment, wounded us and left us for dead, along came our Lord Jesus our Good Samaritan who had compassion on us, bound our wounds, applied oil and brought us to an inn to rest. Today we are in the inn which is the church; His wonderful Word is being administered for us every day to cure us from sickness and sin. Faith comes by hearing and hearing the Word of God, through faith we are healed.
He is our Jehovah Rapha – The Lord who healeth us.
Psalms 23:6. “Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever”.
JEHOVAH SHAMMAH – The Lord is Present
Though there are millions and millions of angels and created beings in the heavens (Shamayim), God always wants to dwell among His people. John 3:16 says “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life”. John 1:14 says “And the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us (and we beheld his glory as of the only begotten of the father,) full of grace and truth.
Our God is always by our side he will never leave us not forsake us; he was with Moses and the Israelites in the Tabernacle in the wilderness. The keeper of Israel neither sleepeth nor slumbereth. He was in the flesh on this earth two thousand years ago to redeem us and He will be with us during the Millennium as our Lord and King. In those days Jerusalem shall be called Jehovah Shammah because our Lord will be physically present in our midst.
1 Peter 2:9 “But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvelous light”.
The phrase ‘For ever and ever’ means for eternity we will be with him. We will have an inseparable and intimate relationship with our Lord and master. We are his people, the sheep of his pasture and He will be our God (Adonai).
Jehovah Shammah – The Lord is present with us.